Keeping in connection with math shapes. Today we will hear a story about a group of mice who were trying to outsmart a cat and get rid of him for good. What can you make with one oval, two circles, and eight triangles? Just ask three clever mice–who even find a funny way to trick a sneaky cat.
Ellen Stoll Walsh is the author of Mouse Shapes once again proves that she’s a master of concept books in this celebration of shapes, color, and innovation. Please enjoy this read-aloud of Mouse Shapes:
Manteniéndose en conexión con las formas matemáticas. Hoy escucharemos una historia sobre un grupo de ratones que intentaban burlar a un gato y deshacerse de él para siempre. ¿Qué puedes hacer con un óvalo, dos círculos y ocho triángulos? Solo pregúntele a tres ratones inteligentes, que incluso encuentran una forma divertida de engañar a un gato astuto. Ellen Stoll Walsh es autora de Mouse Shapes, una vez más demuestra que es una maestra de los libros conceptuales en esta celebración de formas, color e innovación.
Teaching shapes is fun and it doesn’t require a lot of time or special supplies to do it. Before beginning to teach shapes to your child, you can talk to your child about three main aspects: the name of the shape, what the shape looks like ( you can use pictures, cutouts, or physical blocks/manipulatives) and the characteristics that are connected to each shape. For example, the square has four sides, four points and all the sides are the same in length (the last characteristic is a very huge skill that will take many preschoolers time to master). Remember, we need children to learn to think critically and so children should not be taught to just memorize a shape, they must also know how this shape functions among the other shapes.
This lesson is a basic 14-minute lesson on the basic 2D shapes using household materials.
Enseñar formas es divertido y no requiere mucho tiempo o suministros especiales para hacerlo. Antes de comenzar a enseñarle formas a su hijo, puede hablar con él sobre tres aspectos principales: el nombre de la figura, su aspecto (puede usar imágenes, recortes o bloques / manipuladores físicos) y las características que son conectado a cada forma. Por ejemplo, el cuadrado tiene cuatro lados, cuatro puntos y todos los lados tienen la misma longitud (la última característica es una habilidad muy grande que llevará a muchos niños en edad preescolar dominar). Recuerde, necesitamos que los niños aprendan a pensar críticamente y, por lo tanto, no se les debe enseñar a memorizar una forma, sino que también deben saber cómo funciona esta forma entre las otras formas. Esta lección es una lección básica de 14 minutos sobre las formas 2D básicas que utilizan materiales domésticos.
Materials that you can use at home/ Materiales que se puede usar en la casa
Craft sticks, dried spaghetti noodles, coffee stirrers, string, paper w/crayons/ markers, or pencils and tape. If you use tape, you can use it to create shapes on the floor.
Palitos de manualidades, fideos de espagueti secos, agitadores de café, cuerdas, papel con crayones / marcadores, o lápices y cinta adhesiva. Si usa cinta adhesiva, puede usarla para crear formas en el piso.
Shapes printables/Papeles y Trabajos Que Puede Imprimir
Here are some free printable sheets that you can use at home to help your child begin to make shapes on paper.
I chose to study Eastern and Southern Africa because to me there is such a high need for light still to be shed in Africa. Many parents that participate in language programs in my community are from Kenya and Uganda. Equal and quality education is a huge area of opportunity that young children in these regions need. In one particular region, Uganda, schools are rarely equipped to teach students with varied abilities. There are no schools that provide ramps and physical access to children with wheelchairs or physical impairments. I addition, many schools Rwanda and in the region of eastern and southern Africa do not have inclusive education (Houser, 2018).
Veronica Houser (2018), shares and reports about Ntawimenya family in Rwanda, whose child, Olivier, was bullied and discriminated against because of his disability. Olivier had physical delays and weak motor skills and was not being treated fairly or being included in many school activities. Worst, no one knew how to teach Olivier or strengthen his physical abilities with therapy. Innocent, Olivier’s dad, learned about a UNICEF supported school called G.S. Ruhango Catholique. This school was equipped with ramps, wider door frames, and hallways. The school integrated all children with varied abilities and engaged children in a “student-centered approach to learning where children learn through hands-on activities and group work, and through self-discovery. This way of teaching empowers children like Olivier to learn from and with other children, as well as their teachers” (p.1).
The school also engaged and empowered parents by conducting workshops that helped them created learning activities and learning aids for families to use at home making the home to school connections. After a year in this school where Olivier received therapy and a warm inclusive learning environment, he has flourished. Olivier has been able to learn how to count to 1000, can hold a 5 liter can with his own hands, and most importantly learned the skills to connect with his friends through sports and other physical activities (Houser, 2018).
There are limited resources and knowledge about children with varied abilities in Rwanda and if the Unicef supported school had not been there for Olivier, he would have been disregarded, cast aside, bullied, and rendered unteachable. According to Ray, Pewitt-Kinder & George (2009) family engagement and frequent communication helps children with varied abilities be successful in their child’s development physically and emotionally. Working with parents and children who have varied abilities sends a message to the family and child that there is a community who cares and who is willing to partner to help their child succeed. When children and families are equitably nurtured and given resources to make their child’s learning and emotional well-being supported then they are successful and more willing to share their knowledge and experiences with the learning community. The stories from families with children who have varied abilities not only enhance our knowledge of people with varied abilities, but it also helps children and families feel empowered and unashamed. Without these kinds of schools in Rwanda, children with varied abilities would feel emotionally helpless, forgotten, and invisible. When children feel invisible they tend to develop low self-esteem.
I have learned that the problems children with varied abilities face around the world are far greater than in the United States. I was under the misconception that families and children with varied abilities had the same educational rights as children in the United States. There is still a lot of work to do when it comes to supporting children with varied abilities around the world. I hope that as schools like G.S. Ruhango Catholique continue to teach their communities, this is supported and passed along to other cities and regions in Africa.
Houser, V. 2018. How inclusive education works for children with disabilities
Ray, J. A., Pewitt-Kinder, J., & George, S. (2009). Partnering with families of children with special needs. YC: Young Children, 64(5), 16-22.
Save the Children is an organization with a goal to promote global education and the rights of children around the world. “It was founded in 1919 to help children receive a healthy start in life, the opportunity to learn and protection from harm” (Save the Children, 2019). Save the Children’s (2019) mission is to increase the quality of instruction and help ensure lasting education. The organization provides aid to 120 countries, working to reach children through international programs that focus on health, education, protection and disaster relief. Through their educational efforts the Save the Children organization teaches effective teaching strategies to instructors globally in the regions of Africa, Asia, Middle East Eurasia, Latin American, and the Caribbean and trains them to engage students, helps establish schools, and aids issues and trends in early childhood (Save the Children, 2019). The organization also coaches parents and caregivers to help foster learning early on in children’s development and offer ways for parents to encourage schoolwork and continued learning outside of the classroom. In their early childhood initiative, their focus is to provide education access to children and families who may have not have the opportunity to do so. “Children who participate in Early Childhood Development programs, when compared with children who don’t, are more likely to enroll in school, plan their families, become productive adults, and educate their own children” (Save the Children, 2019). They also are less likely to repeat a grade, drop out of school, or engage in criminal activities. Through interventions that engage young children, as well as their parents, caregivers, and communities, Save the Children’s Early Childhood Development programs ensure that young children survive and thrive by being physically and emotionally healthy and intellectually curious. The early childhood program also promotes school readiness programs that prepare them for school success (Save the Children, 2019).
UNICEF was established in 1946, the United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund strives to create a world that fights for the rights of every child in the world. UNICEF inspires everyone to get involved in creating protective environments for children. One of their goals to be present to relieve suffering during emergencies, and wherever children are threatened because UNICEF’s belief is that no child should be exposed to violence, abuse or exploitation. UNICEF also strives to include reducing inequities and discrimination, fulfilling global education goals such as the 2 Millennium. These goals focus on education, achieving gender equality and equity in education, ensuring that every child has the opportunity to learn and continuing education during and after a crisis (UNICEF, 2018). UNICEF also has an early childhood initiative which encourages and urges countries and people to act urgently in investing in early childhood development which is a priority in every country to achieve the 2030 goals. Investing in early childhood development is a cost-effective way to boost shared prosperity, promote inclusive economic growth, expand equal opportunity, and end extreme poverty. UNICEF is working to increase investment in family-friendly policies, including paid parental leave and access to quality, affordable childcare; it benefits governments because it helps economies and businesses, as well as parents and children (UNICEF, 2018).
The United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization began in 1945 and is “committed to a holistic and humanistic vision of quality education worldwide, the realization of everyone’s right to education and the belief that education plays a fundamental role in human, social, and economic development” (n.d.). Their mission is to aid in the building of peace, eradication of poverty and lasting development. They seek to achieve these goals and create an intercultural dialogue through global education. Their membership includes 204 countries, 9 of which are associate members. Their early childhood initiative was inspired in 2007, when “UNESCO reminded the international community that half of the countries in the world did not have ECCE policies for children under three years old” (n.d.). Progress has been made on pre-school enrollment in many countries but more work is needed to make ECCE central to education systems and realize its tremendous societal benefits. To encourage more early childhood initiatives globally, UNESCO created the UNESCO-Hamdan Prize that will create sponsorship and support the design of additional professional development packages at intermediate and advanced levels for early childhood learning and instruction Teachers are eager for further training, which will continue and deepen the pilot’s practical approaches in Indonesa as well as other parts of the global community. “The UNESCO-Hamdan Bin Rashid Al Maktoum Prize for Outstanding Practice and Performance in Enhancing the Effectiveness of Teachers is awarded every two years to projects that have made outstanding contributions to improving the quality of teaching and learning, especially in developing countries or within marginalized or disadvantaged communities” (n.d.).
One job opportunity that enticed my interest for employment was the position that Save the Children has posted in early childhood. The job title is Educational manager and the skills associated with this job entails providing effective implementation of a research-based curriculum, while incorporating recognized “best practices” in the fields of Early Childhood and Special Education; as well as providing educational resources for staff and parents. Under the supervision of the Program Director, and working as the supervisor of education staff, the Education Manager oversees the implementation of the education services at all sites and works with all local educational institutions and other STC Head Start partners. The Educational manager also must also oversee Coordinates the Education and Early Childhood Development content area of the Head Start program. Works closely with the program director and other admin/management staff to ensure adequate supplies and equipment are available in classrooms and centers and that schedules and activities are age- and developmentally-appropriate. Attends home visits, parent conferences, and IEP meetings when requested or as needed. Visit each site and all classrooms routinely to conduct observations, provide training and technical assistance, coaching and mentoring. I believe I would be a great fit for since it is part of my duties of a head teacher here at my Head Start school.
The National Education for Young Children (NAEYC) was also a major contributor to the idea of culturally responsive pedagogy, equity pedagogy, and anti-bias education. In 1991, NAECY published their position statement on cultural and linguistical diversity for effective early childhood education (National Association for the Education of Young Children, 1995). In their position statement NAECY recommended that all high-quality early childhood programs move to change their educational approach and theories regarding children and families of diverse cultures. NAECY (1995), stated that when early childhood children of diverse cultures and languages are reflected in the classroom environment, shown respect for their culture and home language the relationship and partnership between families and school are strengthened. They also stated that an atmosphere that choses to celebrate and respect cultural diversity, the atmosphere “provides increased opportunity for learning because young children feel supported, nurtured, and connected not only to their home communities and families but also to teachers and the educational setting” (p.2). NAECY also recommended that early childhood educators be trained through professional workshops/trainings culturally responsive practices and equity pedagogy so that children in early childhood settings can have a better chance of developing strong cognitive and social-emotional development (National Association for the Education of Young Children, 1995).
Head Start has contributed to anti-bias education, equity pedagogy, and culturally responsive teaching and the war on paverty. Head Start is dear to my heart in many ways. Not only am I a teacher in a New Jersey Head Start school, I am also a former child of the Head Start schools initiative of the 1970’s. The goal of Head Start was to fight poverty in America by providing minority and poor community children and their families a broad range of educational, social, medical and family services equity. Head Start provides these services in one program and the specific services differ widely depending on the need of a particular community. Head Start has even expanded to serve younger populations of children such as infant and toddlers. According to the National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC), 80 percent of funding for Head Start comes from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (National Association for the Education of Young Children, 2017). It is evident that Head Start’s goal was and still is to look at the whole child and family by supporting them through social programs that benefit the growth of both the families and the child. Head Start has also later in their history moved to ensuring that Head Start programs provided families with culturally responsive practices, culturally relevant materials, and anti-bias education. “A key tenet of the program established that it be culturally responsive to the communities served, and that the communities have an investment in its success through the contribution of volunteer hours and other donations as nonfederal share” (Office of Head Start, n.d.).
Since 1908, the National Association of Advancement for Colored People has been a pillar in the American society for equal rights for all. The NAACP is the pillar of serving the communities of all people of color so that civil and human rights prevail over racism, prejudice, and hate (NAACP, n.d.). They also work to ensure that the youth of marginalized groups are given education that is equitable and culturally responsive. “The NAACP works to ensure that all disadvantaged students and students of color are on the path to college or a successful career by ensuring access to great teaching, equitable resources, and a challenging curriculum. We are dedicated to eliminating the severe racial inequities that continue to plague our education system. Our ultimate goal is that every student of color receives a quality public education that prepares him or her to be a contributing member of a democracy” (NAACP, n.d.). The NAACP focus on different educational areas: Increasing Resource Equity: Which means that they will target funds to the neediest communities and children. In addition, they are focusing on improving teaching by growing more teachers of color to represent the growing American population of children who are more diverse than the dominant culture. They would like to place more teachers of color in in underserved communities (NAACP, n.d.).
One job available that interest me was one offered for the NAAP that was titled, Education Specialist for Culturally Responsive Teaching. This job entailed knowing anti-bias principles and goals. Culturally responsive pedgogy and practices and the ability to conduct workshops, trainings and professional developments for teachers of color in Baltimore, Maryland. The qualifications were that the perspective employee had a bachelors in education, or teaching and a background in social justice as well. I believe that although I don’t have a background in social justice the master’s I will hold in Early childhood studies with a concentration in Teaching & Diversity would give me enough educational background to qualify for the position.